Achieving LGBT Equality Through Litigation, Legislation, Policy, and Public Education

Case Summary & History

State Legislation & Policy

Advocacy: Anti-LGBT Conversion Therapy

STATUS: Ongoing, National

NCLR has been at the forefront of the effort to protect LGBT minors from these dangerous and discredited practices by mental health providers, which put youth at risk of depression, substance abuse, and suicide.

Few practices are more harmful to LGBT young people than anti-LGBT conversion therapy, also known as so-called “reparative therapy,” “ex-gay therapy,” or “sexual orientation change efforts.” Every leading medical and mental health organization in the country has warned that these practices do not work and put young people at serious risk.

NCLR has helped draft and pass the nation’s first two laws—in California in 2012 and in New Jersey in 2013—protecting youth from these practice, which include the use of shame, verbal abuse, and electric shock. NCLR is now working with more than a dozen other states to do the same in those states.

Learn more about laws:

Other states currently working on similar laws protecting young people:

  • California—SB 1172 introduced on February 22, 2012. Passed California Assembly on August 28, 2012 by a vote of 52-22. Passed California Senate on August 30, 2012 by a vote of 23-13. Signed into law by Governor Jerry Brown on September 19, 2012. Held constitutional by the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals on August 29, 2013.
  • Florida—HB 221 introduced on October 7, 2013. SB 240 introduced on October 25, 2013. HB 221 referred to House Committees on Health Policy; Children, Families, and Elder Affairs; Criminal Justice; and Judiciary on October 24, 2013. SB 240 referred to Senate Committees on Health Innovation; Health & Human Services; and Health Care Appropriations on November 22, 2013.
  • Hawaii—SB 2204 introduced on January 16, 2014. Referred to Senate Committees on Education, Commerce & Consumer Protection; and Judiciary & Labor on January 17, 2014.
  • Illinois—HB 5569 introduced on February 13, 2014. SB 3575 introduced on February 14, 2014. HB 5569 referred to House Committee on Rules on February 14, 2014. SB 3575 referred to Senate Committee on Assignments on February 14, 2014. HB 5569 referred to House Human Services Committee on March 3, 2014. SB 3575 referred to Senate Committee on Licensed Activities and Pensions on March 5, 2014. HB 5569 passed House Human Services Committee on March 26, 2014 by a vote of 9-6. SB 3575 re-referred to Senate Committee on Assignments on March 28, 2014. HB 5569 lost House vote on April 10, 2014 by a vote of 51-44.
  • Maryland—HB 91 introduced on September 24, 2013. Withdrawn on March 15, 2014. Sponsor pursuing regulatory route.
  • Massachusetts – S 3907 introduced on February 24, 2014. Referred to House Committee on Children, Families, and Persons with Disabilities on February 24, 2014. Reported favorably and referred to House Committee on Health Care Financing on February 24, 2014.
  • Minnesota—HF 1906 introduced on and referred to House Committee on Health and Human Services Policy on February 25, 2014. SF 1727 introduced on and referred to Senate Committee on Health, Human Services, and Housing on February 25, 2014.
  • New Jersey—A 3371 and S 2278 introduced on October 15, 2012. A 3371 passed New Jersey Assembly on June 24, 2013 by a vote of 56-14. S 2278 passed New Jersey Senate on June 27, 2013 by a vote of 28-9. Signed into law by Governor Chris Christie on August 19, 2013. Held constitutional by the United States District Court for the District of New Jersey on November 8, 2013.
  • New York—AB 6983 introduced on April 29, 2013. SB 4917 introduced on May 1, 2013. AB 6983 referred to Assembly Committee on Higher Education on January 8, 2014. SB 4917 referred to Senate Committee on Higher Education on January 8, 2014. AB 6983 passed Assembly Committee on Higher Education and referred to Assembly Committee on Codes on April 7, 2014.
  • Ohio—SB 188 introduced on and referred to Senate Committee on Medicaid, Health & Human Services on September 9, 2013.
  • Pennsylvania—SB 872 introduced on and referred to Senate Committee on Consumer Protection and Professional Licensure on April 25, 2013. HB 1811 introduced on and referred to House Committee on Human Services on October 29, 2013.
  • Rhode Island—SB 2510 introduced on and referred to Senate Committee on Health and Human Services on February 27, 2014.
  • Vermont—HB 755 introduced and referred to House Committee on Human Services on January 30, 2014.
  • Virginia—HB 1135 introduced and referred to House Committee on Health, Welfare and Institutions on January 13, 2014. Died in committee.
  • Washington—HB 2451 introduced and referred to House Committee on Health Care & Wellness on January 17, 2014. SB 6649 introduced and referred to Senate Committee on Health Care on January 27, 2014. HB 2451 passed House Committee on Health Care and Wellness on February 13, 2014 by a vote of 94-4. Died in Senate Committee on Health Care.
  • Washington, D.C. —B 10-0501 introduced and referred to the Council Committee on Health on October 1, 2013.
  • Wisconsin—SB 481 introduced and referred to the Senate Committee on Health and Human Services on January 9, 2014. Died in committee.

 

 

 

© 2014 National Center for Lesbian Rights. All rights reserved. Give us Feedback. Read our Privacy Policy.