Racial & Economic Justice > Criminalization & Incarceration

All Cases & Advocacy All Legislation & Policy All Press Releases All Resources & Publications


The number of entries will adjust as search terms and filters are added or removed.

Content Area



Cases & Advocacy

People v. Douglas Amicus

NCLR filed a friend of the court brief arguing that it is unconstitutional for attorneys to strike jurors for discriminatory reasons. In the underlying criminal case, the prosecutor used his peremptory challenges to strike two openly gay men from participating on the jury, in part out of his belief that openly gay men might be biased against the victim because he was “not out of the closet.”


Cases & Advocacy

Doe v. Jindal Amicus

NCLR and other groups filed a friend of the court brief in a groundbreaking case that finally put a stop to Louisiana’s longstanding practice of imposing harsh criminal penalties on people accused of soliciting certain types of sexual conduct with a person of the same sex.


Cases & Advocacy

Adams v. Federal Bureau of Prisons

Vanessa Adams is a transgender woman who was diagnosed by Federal Bureau of Prison (BOP) medical professionals with Gender Identity Disorder (GID) in 2005 while she was incarcerated in a BOP prison. Over the next few years, she made at least 19 written requests asking for medical treatment for GID. The BOP denied all of her requests outright based on its so-called “freeze frame” policy in which treatment for any person with GID is kept frozen at the level provided at the time he or she entered BOP custody. In Ms. Adams’ case, this meant that because she had not received treatment for GID before being incarcerated, BOP would not provide her with medically necessary care even though its own doctors diagnosed her with GID, told her about treatments available for GID, and knew about the seriousness of her medical condition. As a result of these denials of treatment, Ms. Adams attempted suicide multiple times and engaged in other avenues of self- treatment in an attempt to live more consistently with her gender identity.